Research & Analysis

The State House’s natural and built environment has evolved over the history of the site’s occupation.

The State of Rhode Island is the smallest state in the United States considering the surface area. The state has five counties but no county government. Only the city of Providence has a population over 100,000, with an estimated 179,000 residents, a majority of whom are Spanish speakers.

In 1790, there were 68,825 people living in the state. The decade with the largest increase came in 1850 when the Rhode Island population was measured at 147,545, a 35.6% rise in numbers from ten years earlier. Current estimates show there will be some growth between 2020 and 2035, but it will only be after a small population decline.